Brighton Station viewed from Queens Road, c 1910
Note both a tram and a horse bus in the foreground
Mass Tourism by Train
While Brighton had been a successful resort for around 90 years or so before the arrival of the railway in 1841, it was the railway that created the era of mass tourism. The economy boomed, and the population grew more rapidly, as the railway company established a railway industry in the town, employing many thousands, and stimulating other sectors, such as construction.
One historian of mid-Victorian Britain has put Brighton at joint 17th with Stoke-on-Trent in terms of population in 1851, sliding to 23rd place three decades later.
This section will look at the impact of the railway.